Other Development Measures

Disaster Preparedness

Climate Change, Globalization and increasing Social Conflicts are 3 major factors contributing to the inevitability of both natural and manmade Disasters. Not only frequency of disasters, but also intensity and spread-out is increasing and affecting more and more people in various manners. It has become imperative on the part of all developmental actors, particularly NGOs/CBOs to reconsider their antipathy to ‘relief’. Presently, development can not be planned without looking into the question of managing disasters. A newer approach to integrate disaster management with development or empowerment through disaster management is necessary.

Disaster response and Management is not new to ODAF. As a response to the severe drought in Orissa in 1986-87, ODAF (then known as Orissa Drought Action Forum) was formed as a response for NGOs joint action for mitigating drought. Apart from responding to the emergency, ODAF has been intensively involved in Drought Management.

Emergency Management Activities After 1999: Following the Super Cyclone and Cyclone in South Orissa; ODAF member NGOs had worked in 108 cyclone affected villages of 8 blocks in 6 districts of Orissa such as Mahakalpara in Kendrapara, Erasama in Jagatsinghpur, Gandia in Dhenkanal, Kaptipada in Mayurbhanj, Anandpur in Keonjhar, Chikiti, Kukudakhandi and Digapahandi in Ganjam Districts of Orissa.

In 2000-2001, following the State-wide floods with support from UELCI-ACT, 4 of ODAF member NGOs (IRDWSI, Seva Bharati, CPSW, PIPAR & SVK) have provided their service in 174 villages, 9 Blocks of Koraput, Nayagarh, Dhenkanal and Angul districts.

In 2002-2003, to respond the severe Drought situation ODAF conducted a Rapid Assessment of the Situation. The relief operations were undertaken by some ODAF of member NGOs as ACM, PIPAR, TSRD, SEDP, CPSW, Seva Bharati, RAD and SVK in 27 villages of 9 Blocks in 4 districts with support from UELCI-IRDWSI.

In 2003 statewide flood (2003), ODAF has engaged itself in relief operations in 67 villages of Gania and Jagatsinghpur Blocks in Nayagarh and Jagatsinghpur Districts.

Long-Term Disaster Management Activities ODAF has successfully managed to integrate the Drought Management Programmes with Development, which is an example by itself in guiding the present days’ disaster preparedness and response activities.

As a long-term strategy for Drought Management, ODAF is undertaking the Programme for Sustainable Development for 29,199 families in 652 villages in 100-Gram Panchayats, covering 30 Blocks of 11 drought-prone districts. The following activities are ongoing

  • Training and capacity building of community leadership and personnel of member organisations
  • Rainwater harvesting
  • Providing agricultural supports
  • Introduction of alternative sustainable livelihood practices
  • Implementing Food for Work (FFW) programmes generating human work days for landless labourers and marginal farmer families
  • Ensuring supply of safe drinking water during drought months
  • Conducting health awareness and treatment programmes
  • Advocacy and lobbying for bringing policy changes in existing government plans and policies in drought-prone areas-Presently working on formulation of a Tribal Policy, revision of Orissa Relief Code (ORC) to incorporate preparedness, prevention and mitigation
  • Network with Governmental and Non-governmental agencies working for Disaster Management at local, provincial, national and international level apart from the victim-communities and their organizations.